posted on 2020-10-16, 06:34authored byHsin-yi Wang
Video gaming has become an integral part of the modern society; however, gaming can also become problematic among a cluster of gamers. Although the construct of gaming disorder has been proposed to study such problematic gaming, some researchers have also maintained that gaming is not inherently problematic, and it is important to study gamers’ motivations of gaming. Gaming motivation is commonly proposed to include three components: achievement, immersion, and social. Achievement motivation refers to the motivation to achieve in-game success, immersion motivations describes the desire of immersing gaming experience, and social motivation refers to the incentive to socialize through gaming. In addition, other relevant motivations have also been proposed, with the most commonly examined being escapism motivation, which refers to gaming for the purpose of escaping from real-life issues.
The gaming motivation framework posits that although gamers may engage in gaming for different reasons, those who develop strong reliance on gaming to fulfill their psychological needs have stronger propensities to display problematic gaming behaviors. Although many studies have supported such proposition in showing that certain types of gaming motivation are positively associated with gaming disorder, there are several research gaps remained to be addressed concerning the study of gaming behaviors, gaming motivation, and gaming disorder.
Utilizing the elements of gaming motivation framework, the present research aimed to conduct three conceptually related studies to address three research questions: 1) whether different types of gaming motivation exert distinct influences on the onset of gaming disorder, 2) whether the influences of in-game financial expenditure on the development of gaming disorder will be stronger among gamers reporting higher level of escapism motivation. The dataset included here refers to the data used to address these two research questions in two different study.
Addressing the first question with Study 1, we conducted a meta-analysis to synthesize past evidence. In order to address the second question with Study 2, a cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the association between high in-game expenditures and gaming disorder, as well as the potential moderating role of escapism motivation in such associations.